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Sybaris The polis (city-state) of Sybaris was founded around 720 B.C. by the  Achaeans, ancient Greeks from the Peloponnese. The city was situated  in the valley between the two rivers Crathis and Sybaris (today’s Crati  and Coscile) on the Ionian Sea. The favorable location and the  fecundity of the Sybarite territories - bordered on the north by the  Pollino Mountains and on the south by the Sila Plateau – led this colony  to become so rich and powerful - in a very short time- so to gain that a   hegemonic role in the Magna Graecia.  Sybaris expanded over a surface of fifty stadi, equivalent to about five  hundred hectares. The Sybarite area was full of natural resources,  which the colonists were capable to exploit. They took advantage from  the timber of the forests and the abundant vegetation, as well as from  the mines of silver and other metals. The city had a river harbor, located  in a strategic position, which fostered a significant development of  commercial exchanges. Emblem of the colony became its official  currency: the silver coins with the symbol of a bull were exchanged and  accepted over a vast geographical area.  From its foundation to its decadence, the history of Sybaris covers a  time span of around two hundred years. Sybaris conquered numerous  territories and founded important cities, including the colony of  Poseidonia (Paestum), thus gaining a leading position over the Magna  Graecia. Nevertheless, in 510 B.C. it was defeated and destroyed by  Croton, the antagonist polis. Sybaris was replaced by the Pan-Hellenic  colony of Thurii, founded in 44/3 BC and, subsequently by the Latin  colony of Copy, established in 194 BC and inhabited until the sixth   century A.D.  Currently, Sybaris is a small town in the Province of Cosenza, on the  Ionian side of the Calabria region. Important sites of historical-cultural  relevance are the Archaeological Park of Sybaris and the National  Archaeological Museum of Sybaris. 
“The Sybarites, their allies and the Serdaioites stipulated a pact of faithful and sincere friendship forever. Witnesses of this were  Zeus, Apollo, the other goods and the city of Poseidonia”  (Epigraphs - Olympia, Greece) “I do not believe there is anywhere anything more beautiful than the Plain of Sybaris. All beauties are gathered at once: the pleasant greenery of the surroundings of Naples, the extent of the magnificent landscapes of the Alpes,  the sun and the sea of Greece”   (François Lenormant, “La Grande Grèce” 1881) HOME STAFF PROGRAMME PARTNERS&SPONSORS PRESS GALLERY CONTACT Workshops FestivalPrizes Agorà Guided Tours Archeology & Nature Theme  Dinners Events beyond the Festival  Seminars & Conferences Art LOCATION Partner Istituzionali  info@festivalsibaritide.it      +39 327.7412854